The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test was created and developed by the World Health Organization in 1982 (Edwards, 1982). The WHO developed this screening process as a way of identifying and scanning persons who are on the brink of developing alcohol-related problems in the most straightforward manner possible (Chick, 1985). The main focus of the AUDIT test is to identify the initial signs and symptoms of hazardous drinking in persons and also persons with a mild dependence on alcohol (Edwards, 1982). The range that this process uses is mostly to identify problems related to alcohol experienced by a person within the last year. The AUDIT method has been deemed as one of the most accurate when it comes to screening persons with alcohol and also in testing persons with similar problems (Joseph, 1995).
This method has been rated at a high of 92 percent in matters of accuracy in determining harmful and hazardous drinking (Sacco, 1999). This method uses a questionnaire-based test that can determine the problem accurately at hand with the person who is being tested. Even though the CAGE screening can check for other causes of alcohol use such as alcohol abuse and dependency on alcohol, the AUDIT process can determine the diseases that are likely to develop once a person harmfully consumes alcohol (Sharkey, 1996). These diseases include liver cirrhosis, liver failure, pancreatitis and also the weakening of the immune system, which makes one body vulnerable to infections (Schmidt, 1995).
The CAGE test could also be necessary for specific individuals if the professional handling the case feels that it is supposed to be carried out (Sharkey, 1996). However, many professionals have deemed the AUDIT test to be much more sensible to also determine how a person should consume their alcohol (Bien, 1993). This test can also enable an individual to learn about their consumption of alcohol for them to stop or even seek treatment.
In some countries, the consumption of alcohol is very high, and according to most people, alcohol remains the drug of choice (Miller, 1991). However, they should also be conscious enough to know if the habit is likely to lead them into trouble health-wise in the future and even in the present. This two test (CAGE and AUDIT) should be administered regularly to persons who consume alcohol regularly (Adams, 1996). This would be able to assist the health authorities to gauge the likeliness of people having alcohol-related illnesses (Adams, 1996). The issue here is to make these people aware of their condition based on the last year.
It would also be proper if these persons could also be made aware of the fact that these tests do exist and it is a good idea to regularly check-in at the local clinic or medical facility. In a country that has 90 percent of its adult population on alcohol use, these figures are staggering at least (Sacco, 1999). It is a well-known fact that the period during the 1970s was wild and as a result, people lost their lives due to alcohol use, and it became necessary for the WHO to come up with the AUDIT method (Edwards, 1982). However, of the 90 percent, not all are in the bracket of the hazardous and harmful drinkers (Joseph, 1995). Nonetheless, it is crucial to take regular tests because many triggers could eventually lead to one slip into this bracket such as job loss, stress, peer pressure, depression and others (Bien, 1993).
This test should be considered by most of the people who consume alcohol in countries such as the UK and others. This is an excellent way to ensure that the hazardous and harmful drinking does not spill over into future generations.
Sacco RL, Elkind M, Boden-Albala B, Feng Lin I, et al. (1999) The protective effect of moderate alcohol consumption on ischaemic stroke.
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Chick J, Lloyd G, Crombie E. (1985) Counselling problem drinkers in medical wards: a controlled study. Br Med J. 290:965–7.
Edwards G, Arif A, Hodgson R. (1982) Nomenclature and classification of drug and alcohol related problems: a WHO Memorandum. Bull WHO 59:225–42.
Joseph CL, Ganzini L, Atkinson RM. (1995) Screening for alcohol use disorders in the nursing home. J Am Geriatr Soc.43:368–73.
Bien TH, Miller WR, Tonigan S. (1993) Brief interventions for alcohol problems: a review. Addiction. 88:315–36.
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