Community Assessment

Analysis and interpretation of Community Assessment Data

The community assessment established some of the main causes for majority are admissions to the emergency departments in most hospital s within the Kissimmee Community. these were found to include; chest pain, abdominal pain, cellutis, back disorders, urethra disorder, fever, back sprains and strains, abdominal and pelvic symptom, nausea and vomiting and wounds. Analysis of the primary data gathered revealed that most admissions to the inpatient facilities within the health facilities in the Kissimmee Community related to issues on Osteoarthritis, chest pain, rehab procedures, single live born, trauma related to delivery, pelvic organs disorder, labor related issues, cellutis, bronchitis and urethra infections (Florida Hospital, Kissimmee, 2013).

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Analysis of secondary data on the information related to healthy measure of the Kissimmee community was facilitated by the use of online Health Community Network (HCN) tool. This tools offers access to high-quality data and decision support. The tool was essential in determining the levels mortality, morbidity, access to care, risk factors, access to health screenings, and other conditions.  The information was benchmarked as per Healthy people 2020 targets.

The secondary data identified that the leading cause within the larger Osceola County is coronary heart disease, chronic lower respiratory disease, and stroke and lung cancer. These mortality rates from these conditions were found to be above rates for the peer counties, state, and Healthy People 2020 goal. The rate for deaths from lung cancer was found to be below the Healthy 2020 goal.

It was found out that health disparate populations depended on minority race and ethnicity. Data from the assessment indicated that the population within the Kissimmee community considered being a greatest risk for facing health disparities were the African American and the Hispanic which are the majority in this community. The combined populations for the African Americans and the Hispanic within this population were found to stand at 71% in Kissimmee. The data on years of potential lives lost from the Kissimmee Community within Osceola County was found to be trending lover that three reporting periods. The Osceola County’ rate are much better that compared to the rates of the peer counties. The Years Potential Life Lost indicates an estimate of the premature mortality which indicates the number of years lost among the population who die before attaining the age of 75 years.

The major health issues that were identified to be facing the Kissimmee community through the community assessment include; diabetes, heart disease, obesity, maternal health, cancer, STIs, drug and substance abuse, psychiatric disorders, violent crime, chronic ailments, health literacy,  single parents prevalence, motor vehicles accidents and limited access to health care. Addressing these specific issues will thus be relevant as a way of improving the general quality of life (Osceala County Health Department, 2012). 

From the data acquired on hospital utilization, incidence, prevalence and mortality rate, the major issues that need to be addresses are related to heart disease and cancer. These two chronic issues are known to be associated with obesity. Therefore, coming up with obesity intervention will be relevant to eradicate or reduce the rate of chronic diseases. Management practice on chronic disease including the advocating for exercise, nutrition, and enhanced personal accountability will be relevant. There will be need to establish to establish dedicated service lines dealing with sexually transmitted infections, substance abuse, mental conditions, and maternal and child issues. 

Primary Prevention Plan

Health Issue; Cardiac Issues

It has been established that the cardiovascular related problems is one of the critical health issue among the Kissimmee community that needs to be addressed. This plan sets out a framework which can be used to improve on this health issue and ensure general improvement of the quality of life for the population in Kissimmee. The goals of this plan matches with Healthy People 2020 goals that seeks to improve the cardiovascular health and the quality of life through prevention, detection, and treating the risk factors associated with heart attack and stroke (ODPHP, 2017). This is to be achieved through early detection of cardiac arrests, preventing the re-occurrence of such conditions as well as reducing the mortality rates from heart-related problems.

Objectives

The primary prevention plan seeks to reduce the death rate of cardiac related conditions below the regional and county peer as well as the below the levels of the Healthy People 2020. In this, the plan will seek to eliminate the health disparity for cardiac diseases that has been most prevalent against the members of the Hispanic community who form the majority of people within the Kissimmee Community. 

The plan also seeks to raise awareness and increase literacy levels on matters of heart disease to members of the Kissimmee Community. It will be important for the community members to understand that the cardiovascular diseases do not occur in isolation but rather are intertwined with other physical, social, and political factors. Raising such awareness will be important in reducing the health disparities that exist within this community based on gender, age, race and socioeconomic factors.

Implementing the plan

For the plan to be successful, some conditions need to be put in place to ensure that the fundamental objectives will be attained. It will be highly relevant to put in place effective channels of communication. The public health community will establish means of communicating effectively the urgency and promise of managing and preventing heart conditions. The successful implementation of the plan will require strategic leadership, partnerships and organization to be put in place. The success of a healthy strategy on preventing heart disease depends on the ability for the plan to spearhead by visionary leaders who will be in a position to maintain strong partnership and collaborations with key stakeholders.

The plan will be requiring being into action by adopting interventions that deal with policy and environmental change with a population-wide capability. The plan will be put in action in way that it helps the goals stipulated on Healthy People 2020. The plan will adequately address all risk factors associated with heart disease.

Justification of the plan

Heart disease has been noted as one of the leading causes of deaths not only on Kissimmee Community but in the whole of United State. The health issues related to heart related problems are known to be costly to the health care system of the nation.  However, most the factors leading to heart related diseases are preventable as they relate to high blood pressure, high cholesterol, cigarette smoking, diabetes, lack of physical activity, overweight and obesity. It is therefore important to carry out this plan to help increase the awareness level among the members of the population. 

The scope of the plan

The plan will be affected in Kissimmee City in Osceola County in Florida. The plan will unveil set up in major setting and settings such as schools, work site, health institutions, communities and households. The target for this primary prevention plan will be spread out across all age groups. The population at a high risk of health disparity such as the Hispanic and the African American will be targeted.

References

Florida Hospital, Kissimmee. (2013). Community Healthy Needs Assessment. Retrieved from https://www.floridahospital.com/sites/default/files/florida_hospital_kissimmee_-_2013_chna.pdf

ODPHP. (2017). Heart Disease and Stroke. Retrieved from Healthy People 2020: https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/heart-disease-and-stroke

Osceala County Health Department. (2012). Osceola County Community Health Assessment. 

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