Different Teaching Approaches and Method Analysis

Teaching strategies involve a set of principles, beliefs or ideas that relate to the nature of learning and they are translated into the classroom. Early childhood educators have particular philosophies and approaches to education. There are different types of preschool programs for children. These include Constructivism, Head Start, High Scope, Creative Curriculum, and Project Approach, Reggio, Montessori, and Waldorf. Each method is discussed as below:

The Montessori Approach

Get your paper done on time by an expert in your field.
plagiarism free

Maria Montessori opened her first school in 1907, and she was the first physician woman in Italy. According to Montessori, the role of the teachers was to observe and connect the child with the suitable materials. Montessori considered her method scientific due to the use of subjective observation in a prepared environment. The environment set-up of this approach is to ensure that children are comfortable in the environment. Program goal of Montessori is to provide an environment that is prepared with self – correcting materials for work and to support the child. Montessori first view of the child is care and support. It is apparent that Montessori’s are structured into both charter and public schools (Roopnarine and Johnson, 2013).

The High Scope Approach

High Scope method was founded in 1970. It is a foundation that is independent, and its mission was to promote the learning and development of children in the world. Also, it had to support or train both parents and educators as they help children learn. In High Scope, a creative exploration is encouraged in children. In this approach, children learn by repetition instead of trial and error. The teacher’s role has an exemplified method of teaching which supports constructivists’ beliefs. As a result, children learn through active connection with people, events, and ideas.  The environmental use of High Scope classroom involves materials –rich learning. These materials are labeled to assist children in learning the organizational skills.

The Reggio Approach

Teacher’s role in this approach was to carry out a process of collaborative examination and analysis of teaching and learning about children. Reggio approach is involved from a different culture. It is a method that encourages children exploration. The environmental use of this approach is similar to that of Montessori. It is supposed that beauty helps with concentration. The Reggio schools create a homelike environment that enables children to feel more comfortable. According to cultural responsiveness, Reggio has become popular in the early childhood field (Roopnarine and Johnson, 2013).

The Head Start Approach

 Head start method is a used to support the children development comprehensively. These programs are based in centers and schools.  Head start approach offers various services that depend on the needs of the local community. Children’s growth and development is supported in a learning environment. The teacher’s role is to teach children in homes and schools. Most family members apply to the program as it is responsive to the ethnic, cultural and linguistic heritage of each child. The philosophy of this approach is to enhance children’s learning, health and the family well-being (Bovill and Felten, 2011).

The Project Approach

In this approach, there are set of teaching strategies which help teachers to guide students by giving them in -depth information about real life topics. Teacher’s role is to implement the approach. As the name suggests, project approach encourages children to engage their minds. It involves learning which extends beyond the classroom and in –depth investigation is done on the real world topics. The project approach helps students to participate and contribute to a democratic society. A common belief in project method is that student goes to school on a quest to learn and understand their experiences.

The Constructivism Approach

Constructivism belief is that learning occurs when learners actively participate in meaning and knowledge construction process rather than passively receiving information.  It is an approach that encourages critical thinking. Teacher’s role is to facilitate the learning process which students are encouraged to be responsible and autonomous. In constructivism approach, the use of the environment is democratic. As a result, the activities are interactive and student centered. The program goal of the constructivist classroom is to benefit both students and teachers (Roopnarine and Johnson, 2013).

The Creative Curriculum and Waldorf Approach

The creative curriculum offers opportunities that help teachers to meet the need of every learner. Teachers also gain valuable insights into the best practices for early childhood education. The primary goal of this approach is to help children succeed in life and school. Teacher’s role in the creative curriculum is to encourage and support every learner through the use of tools provided. Waldorf approach also involves the childhood education. Waldorf teachers have a role in developing subject matter through drawing, poetry, drama, and painting (Bovill and Felten, 2011).

In conclusion, the above -mentioned approaches are worth of respect in education. Both teachers and children benefit from these approaches as they encourage learning in and out of the classroom.


Bovill, C., Cook‐Sather, A., & Felten, P. (2011). Students as co‐creators of teaching approaches, course design, and curricula: implications for academic developers. International Journal for Academic Development16(2), 133-145.

Roopnarine, J., & Johnson, J. E. (2013). Approaches to early childhood education.

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
Live Chat+1(978) 822-0999EmailWhatsApp

Order your essay today and save 20% with the discount code LEMONADE