Discussion 2 ,250 words add references and citations by 08/20/20 at 6:00 pm,Reply 1 and 2 150 words each one ,add references and citations by 08/20/20 at 8:00 pm : Solution Essays

Discussion 2

For the middle-aged adult, exercise can reduce the risk of various health problems. Choose two at-risk health issues that regular physical exercise and activity can help prevent and manage. Discuss the prevalence of each of these health problems in society today. Describe measures that you would take as a nurse to assist clients with health promotion measures to incorporate exercise and physical activity into their lives. Include the kind of activities you would recommend, the amount of exercise, and the approach you would use to gain cooperation from the client. Support your response with evidence-based literature.

Reply 1

Two at risk health issues that exercise can help with: Heart Disease & Type 2 Diabetes

  • Prevalence: 

    • Heart Disease – leading cause of death in US, 1 person every 37 seconds dies from CV disease, 647,000 Americans die each year: 1 in every 4 deaths (CDC, 2020a).
    • Diabetes – 34.2 million (10.5%) total; 26.8 million adults (CDC, 2020b).
  • RN to assist with health promotion measures (Bradley University, n.d.) – providing education especially if the condition is “borderline” and can be prevented. Nutrition and exercise, refraining from unneeded/illegal drugs, or excessive alcohol can help prevent many diseases, especially when at-risk patients are identified. Nurses could also provide brochures with suggestions for patients to refer to. Lastly, helping a patient find the help they need could just give them a boost (gyms with prices, stores to purchase equipment, attending support groups.
  • Types of activities(CDC, 2020c) – aerobic (walking, riding a bicycle, dancing) and muscle-strengthening (crunches, squats, free weights)
  • Amount of exercise(CDC, 2020c) – Aerobic (walking) for 30 minutes a day for 5 days a week or trying to get a total of 150 hours in per week in different increments and 2 days of strengthening exercises.
  • Approach to gain cooperation– (CDC, 2020c) 

    • As an adult that does not like to exercise, I found that exercise videos, no longer than 20-30 minutes helped get me motivated so finding some DVDs or YouTube (free) videos may help.
    • Asking family members or friends to join in to motivate everyone; or join a gym. If money is an issue, sometimes health insurance offers free or discounted rates for gyms.
    • Encouraging a person to take it one day at a time and increase the amount of time spent each day is a motivation; provide reassurance that if you skip a day or two here and there, it’s okay.
    • Write down a schedule to follow, it helps with compliance.


Bradley University. (n.d.) The positive role nurses can play in preventative health care. Retrieved from https://onlinedegrees.bradley.edu/blog/the-positive-role-nurses-can-play-in-preventative-health-care/

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2020a). Heart disease facts. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/heartdisease/facts.htm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2020b). National diabetes statistic report. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/data/statistics/statistics-report.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fdiabetes%2Fdata%2Fstatistics-report%2Findex.html

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2020c). Physical Activity Prevents Chronic Disease. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/resources/infographic/physical-activity.htm#:~:text=Regular%20physical%

Reply 2

obese (Flegal, Graubard, Williamson & Gail, 2018). Obesity is one of the leading causes of preventable death and is related to conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, cancer, etc. Heart Disease kills about 610,000 people a year in the United States which makes up roughly 25% of total deaths (Flegal, Graubard, Williamson & Gail, 2018). Physical activities are effective primary and secondary preventions for many preventable diseases such as those mentioned above. Lack of physical activity is a modifiable risk factor to these diseases and is something that nurses can easily encourage their patients to perform. It has been well documented regarding the benefits of physical activity; “increase levels of physical activity and fitness were found to have reductions in relative risk (by about 20%-35%) of death” (Hales, Carroll, Fryar & Ogden, 2017). Hales, Carroll, Fryar & Ogden (2017) found that recent literature suggests that physical activity was associated with greater than 50% reduction in risk factors. Nurses should start by encouraging regular physical activity. Start slow, and advance as tolerated. Patients shouldn’t overexert themselves especially when their condition limits their circulation and inhibits the flow of oxygen to the body. Flegal, Graubard, Williamson & Gail (2018 suggests that people should “work [their] way up to 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic activity, 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic activity, or an equivalent mix of the two each week” (para. 2). With a combination of diet and exercises, patients can lose weight and keep it off, reducing their likelihood of becoming overweight. In return, this will also reduce the likelihood of developing obesity-related illnesses as mentioned above. Not only will physical activity reduce the likelihood of developing these diseases, physical activity can also help manage the condition and reverse some of the symptoms. For example, regular physical activity can help control blood glucose levels (Flegal, Graubard, Williamson & Gail, 2018). Weight-bearing exercises, especially resistance exercises, has the greatest effect on bone mineral density, hence, reducing the risk for osteoporosis (Hales, Carroll, Fryar & Ogden, 2017).


Flegal, K. M., Graubard, B. I., Williamson, D. F., & Gail, M. H. (2018). Excess deaths associated with underweight, overweight, and obesity: An evaluation of potential bias.

Hales, C. M., Carroll, M. D., Fryar, C. D., & Ogden, C. L. (2017). Prevalence of obesity among adults and youth: United States, 2015–2016.

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
Live Chat+1(978) 822-0999EmailWhatsApp

Order your essay today and save 20% with the discount code LEMONADE