Essentials of Nursing Research

Buljac-Samardžić& van Woerkom (2018) produced a well-written report on a study on a crucial topic. The researchers used a mixed-method design to study the perceptions of nursing practitioners. They used a cross-sectional survey study design to conduct the study. The participants involved several teams of nurse aides, registered nurses, and licensed practical nurses. In rare cases, occupational, speech, and physical therapists were included in the sample. To ensure accuracy and completeness of data, the researchers engaged the HR director and unit managers in the selection of participants who would represent the organizations based on the type of patients and type of teams. The total number of participants in the study was 1116(Buljac-Samardžić & Woerkom, 2018). To maximize on completeness of the data, the researchers reminded the participants to complete the questionnaires two weeks after they were given the questions. However, there were only 497 respondents who completed the questionnaire. Even though the study needs to be guided by the sampling, I think the researchers did not control the selection of the sample.

The results of the study were credible since the study met the credibility criteria. First, the objective of the study was to investigate the connection between workload, team support for strengths use, quality of care, and patient safety in nursing homes. The significance of the study influenced the research questions and all other activities of the study, which would make the results more credible. Moreover,  the study was conducted with Buljac-Samardžić and van Woerkom, who are experts in healthcare research. The study had a sufficient sample size, which led to a response rate of 44.5 percent, which is sufficient to obtain credible results given the considerable sample size (Buljac-Samardžić & Woerkom, 2018). The findings could be generalized to the entire population, and the ability of the study to measure and establish a relationship between workload and patient safety made the results dependable. Since the results proved to be accurate, complete, dependable, the reader can conclude the results are trustworthy, plausible, and believable.

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Buljac-Samardžić and van Woerkom state implications for both nursing management and future research. They urged managers to employ techniques such as strengths finder and values in action inventory of strengths to help individuals realize the strengths within them. They further requested managers to conduct feedforward interviews instead of feedback interviews to share experiences with employees and discuss opportunities for team workers. Implications for future research included the need to explore the balance between activities that need caregivers to employ similar techniques in handling and those that require individuals specialized approaches.   

The study offers the reader a new insight into increased sensitivity to other people’s needs. The findings illustrate the need for nursing management to be sensitive to what the caregivers believe is a conducive environment for care delivery. The study indicates that caregivers draw strength from teamwork and appreciation. Caregivers are more likely to deliver high-quality care when they feel that their efforts within the team are appreciated. Teamwork eliminates stress levels, which in most cases, compromises healthcare delivery. The study, therefore, offers insight into how nursing managers can make employees more productive. By learning how to handle employees from different backgrounds and assist them in improving their productivity, managers will be able to enhance their situational competence.  The report is well organized and written in a language and format that is easy to understand. The findings are also applicable to the reader in that they provide improved ways of handling employees in a work environment. The figures presented and the questions used in the questionnaires, along with the responses of the caregivers, create a vivid picture in the reader’s mind. A reader can see the happiness and comfort of the employees when working in teams that appreciate their efforts and the happiness and satisfaction in faces, which enables them to handle more workload.

The results of the study indicate that there was no significant relationship between workload and care delivery when working as a team or patient safety. The study, however, established that perceived workload had a negative impact on the quality and safety care when job resources are limited.  Buljac-Samardžić and van Woerkom found that team support based on strength was an essential job resource that impacted team performance and enhanced the relationship between job demands and performance. A qualitative approach suited the study since the results needed to be in-depth and detail. Moreover, a qualitative approach encouraged respondents to expand their responses. The researcher identified the approach as a cross-sectional survey.

The data collection and analysis techniques were appropriate since the data was collected on different items, which make using a questionnaire suitable. Questionnaires present questions for each variable under study. The data collection method is clear. However, questionnaires are more appropriate when conducting quantitative research. It was also wise of the researchers to use SPSS in data analysis since the software is useful in organizing and managing data. Besides, the software produces a wide range of charts and graphs for easy presentation. The study is relevant to all healthcare institutions as it offers ways of how to promote teamwork and increase efficiency.  The literature confirms that the increasing workload in caregiving, which rises as a result of the increasing population of older people. It, therefore, justifies the need for the study to determine the relationship between workload and different other factors.

The study will help improve the working conditions of caregivers and provide suggestions to nursing managers on how to capitalize on their employees.  The human experience is clearly defined as the findings illustrate how caregivers will benefit if nursing managers implement the findings of the study successfully. The sources and means of verifying the data are valid and credible, which increases the reliability of the results. The study outlines the activities that occurred during the research and the roles of the researchers and other parties, including the HR of the healthcare organizations that participated in the study.  

The reported results are interpretive and allow the researcher to obtain detailed reports. The specific findings are presented using charts and tables and described in detail below each chart. The writing promotes understanding effectively given the simple language in which it has been explained and the different charts that used to present it. The results are beneficial and applicable to all situations of caregiving. They can easily be read and applied and may help to improve the safety of both the patient and the caregiver. The findings are more crucial to clinical practice since the management of healthcare organizations can implement the findings and observe the implications of the study to healthcare delivery. Similarly, the implications for future studies will help improve the sector if applied. 

ResearchBuljac-Samardžić, M., & van Woerkom, M. (2018). Improving the quality and safety of care in nursing homes by team support for strengths use A survey study. PLoS ONE13(7), 1–16.

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