Most women reject the fact that biological theories in female criminology should not be studied since they believe that some behaviors are inherited and not genetic. They base their arguments on the old biological assumptions in criminology, which suggested that structure influences function. They believe that living things, in this case, human beings, behave differently due to the fundamental fact that they possess structural differences. However, the argument is not correct since some biological characteristics are genetic and inherited, which warrants the study of the biological theories in female criminology. Criminal behaviors can be inherited from parents during conception, or they may be as a result of genetic mutations that take place as the fetus develops in the uterus or during conception. It is, therefore, necessary that these theories be studied since individuals from both genders can be criminals not only by inheriting the character from the parents but also genetically or from the environment and injuries.
Burgess-Proctor, A. (2006). Intersections of race, class, gender, and crime: Future directions for feminist criminology. Feminist criminology, 1(1), 27-47.
Feminist criminology differs from non-feminist criminology in that non-feminist criminology focuses on both genders, mainly male as victims while feminist criminology emphasizes on women as offenders, victims, and workers. The early theories of criminology indicated that criminal behaviors are passed from male parents to male offspring. However, modern theories find the initial arguments biased and hence discredit the belief since it fails to explain why not all men are criminals. The significant differences are as a result of the dominance of the male party in the field of criminology. As a result, females are against the fact that findings from research on men are applied to analyzing women too. While criminology focuses on researching male as the perpetrators of crime, feminist criminology focuses on women as not only the perpetrators but also as victims and even professional women serving in the field.
Policastro, C. (2015). Feminist Theory. The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, 1-5.
ReferencesPolicastro, C. (2015). Feminist Theory. The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment, 1-5.
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