Global Healthcare

Health has acquired significance on the international program. It is presently become acknowledged in mediums where it was never previously addressed. This article addresses issues regarding global health priorities along with the ways of solving the located health priorities. Worldwide health policy has turned out to be progressively more fragmented. Infectious illnesses have acquired ground as global healthiness priorities, whilst non-communicable illnesses and the wider issues of health systems growth have been deserted. Approaches towards addressing the health issues are gradually more influenced by enterprise and industrialized interests with prominence on technological solutions.

Question 1

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The global health funding has for a long time been focused towards responsive treatment rather than preventive treatment. This leads to tackling arising illnesses and forgetting about the historical killer diseases. Funding should be directed towards areas that are deprived of the healthcare opportunities this means preventing civilian deaths caused by diseases we can prevent such as malaria, typhoid, heart diseases and so on. In Africa and Asia diseases are easily preventable, however poor provision of health services and unclean living environments, which are a result of poor funding continue to persist and causes deaths (WHO, 2014).I think that health funding should be directed towards a universal health care whereby every individual irrespective of his or her societal status is given equal healthcare access. This is because the rich tend to use their resources to acquire proper healthcare whereas the poor in their scores and cannot afford even the cheapest healthcare available end up suffering and most of them losing their lives. More resources require to be pointed to the many people who cannot afford appropriate healthcare, thus governments and international health organizations own a duty to save the many from their agonizing moments. It is common sense that it is impossible to tackle all healthcare issues at once, therefore a plan require to be formulated in order to strategize on how tackle both current/short-term and long-term healthcare  problems through intensive funding. Funding should be directed towards prevention since in the long run it adds to the benefit of reducing the curing costs, which are much higher.

Question 2

Global health priorities

In order to tackle global health successfully priorities must be set to guarantee planned addressing of the health problems affecting humanity.  An orderly program will lead to realizing and measuring the successes and failures of the program. The following are some of the most pressing global health priorities;

  1. Maternal mortality

It is sad that in the 21st century there exist areas in which maternal mortalities are almost fifty percent. Countries along with world health bodies such as WHO should spearhead and mobilize more financing towards alleviating maternal mortality. According to WHO (2014), maternal mortality numbered to the highs of 289,000 globally, with most of them being experienced in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. These are casualties of treatable childbirth complications and I believe that with proper funding and prioritizing of the healthcare maternal deaths could be reduced to levels of 1 for every 500,000.

  • Non-communicable diseases prevention

Non-communicable diseases have turned out to be the cause of a bulk contributor of illnesses in developing nations, and the prevention significance is increasing quickly. They influence every socioeconomic group and in numerous cases, the threats are largest in the poorest groups of the populace. These diseases comprise of chronic diseases (such as., heart disease cancer, stroke, diabetes), disabilities, injuries, and diseases resulting from environmental hazards. Non-communicable diseases kill more individuals globally as compared to infectious diseases, impacting nations of all economic levels (CDC, 2012). Globally, the chronic diseases such as heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes are accountable for over 36 million deaths yearly; this is almost two-thirds of the globe’s overall deaths (USAID, 2012). Those four illnesses share the universal risk aspects of tobacco usage, unhealthy diets, bodily inactivity, and destructive usage of alcohol. These diseases are preventable and should of high concern to global funding.

  • Strengthen capability to Prepare for and identify Infectious

Diseases along with Other Emerging healthiness Threats

In current decades, the earth has encountered an accelerating attack from up-and-coming infections, from latest diseases and varying prevalent ones. HIV, SARS and West Nile virus are examples of illnesses caused by beforehand unknown or minor pathogens, which have had universal impact (UNICEF, 2013). Sturdy public health systems will enable nations to quickly discover and successfully respond to these forceful events. Pathogens disregard borders, and an issue at one area can speedily terrorize the world. Worldwide standards should emphasize the significance of all nations conducting inspection in areas it was formerly unperformed for instance at entry ports, in refugee environments, and amongst migrant populations.

  • Control, abolish, or eliminate Vaccine-Preventable Illnesses

Illnesses that could be prevented through immunization must be stopped from taking any more lives of the world’s humanity. The disease such as measles, polio and others can be immunized against. However, these diseases still prevail in the world’s poorest populations. Efforts must be made to alleviate these situations for instance since Polio Eradication initiatives started in 1988 have decreased by over 99% (WHO, 2014). This is evidence enough that vaccine preventable illnesses can be eliminated or reduced to little levels

  • Decrease Child Morbidity along with Mortality

Kids characterize the globe’s future generations and societal development; therefore, guaranteeing their health development is critical. According to CDC ( 2010) an approximated 7.6 million kids died prior to reaching the age of five years, about 68% of the deaths are directed to infectious illnesses mainly pneumonia, malaria, measles including others. Thus, strategies ought to be laid out to increase child alleviation deaths. These strategies are such as immunization, treated-bed nets provisions, anti-malaria therapies, micronutrients supplementation, access to fresh drinking water and so on. This can only be achieve through increased funding towards these programs, ensuring the future generation lives healthy to promote the same agenda in days to come.

Question 3

The budgetary allocations depend on the vitality of the priorities provided along with their urgency.

Item Cost
Child immunization 20 billion
Provision of safe drinking water 15 billion
Investing in drugs and vaccines research 25 billion
Programs to reduce maternal health 25 billion
Health promotion 15 billion

I believe that child immunization, maternal health and research for vaccines form the most urgent aspects of healthcare that require to be attended to with utmost concern.  Organizations responsible for provision of funds should direct funds to these programs.

With increased globalization healthcare has become a global issue, this is because illnesses are not restricted by physical boundaries. Healthcare should be seen as a global issue and require to be tackled as so. WHO along with other global healthcare organizations should be able to help poorest populations get better their health elements through endeavors that promote proper healthcare. Developed nations tendencies to isolate healthcare problems in developing nations should come to a halt since health problems are now a global issue.

References

CDC. (2012). CDC Global Health Strategy 2012-2015. Retrieved August 26, from http://www.cdc.gov/globalhealth/strategy/pdf/CDC-GlobalHealthStrategy.pdf

UNICEF. (2013). UNICEF STATISTICS. Retrieved August 26, from http://data.unicef.org/maternal-health/maternal-mortality

USAID. (2012). USAID’s Global Health Strategic Framework BETTER HEALTH FOR DEVELOPMENT. Retrieved August 26, from http://www.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1864/gh_framework2012.pdf

WHO. (2014). WHO | World Health Organization. Retrieved August 26, from http://www.who.int/gho/en/

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