Identifying Key operators in Plainsville Colorado Hazard Assessment
It is the responsibility of Plainsville, Colorado to reasonably protect property, environment, and life from the effects of disaster or emergency incidences within its jurisdiction. The primary liability of the City Government in emergency management activities is reduction and elimination of hazardous events and prepares, responds and recovers from noteworthy disasters and emergencies that may occur. The emergency management team will use the four interconnected actions: preparedness, response, recovery and mitigation in a systematic approach. This method will treat every act as an individual phase in a comprehensive process, and every step was creating accomplishments of the previous period.
Oil spills contaminate soils by affecting the germination and growth of plants due to the petroleum hydrocarbons. Oil spillage in Plainsville Colorado affects the land, air, community living around the region and the transistors that use the railway line. The environmental and health impacts dictate a disaster management in the area to curb the problem. The mayor of this region in collaboration with other organizations and partners are to develop a public safety and emergency management program that will increase the railway line integrity, ensure citizens are safe, prevent the spillage and facilitate the continuity of the neighboring industry. The adjacent industry works as a monopoly in producing a type of nuclear defect x-ray material, but during transportation of its raw materials, other people are affected.
Leaking hazardous waste materials pollutes land, water, and air. One potential organization in this program will be Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA). This department is responsible for controlling hazardous materials that pollute the environment. It contains different acts that prevent and protects environmental pollution like; toxic substance control act, clean air Act and its amendments, Air Pollution Control Act, and Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (“Superfund”) PL 96-510 (EPA, 2000).
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is another organization that should represent in this hazard analysis. This group will serve the community living alongside the railway line vicinity that is affected by the spills. It will give its guidelines in accordance with Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Standard, Title 29 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 1910.120. It will highlight the guidelines of what citizens and individual at risk should prevent themselves.
The committee will also contain a representative of Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management (DHSEM) who will assist in development and maintenance of emergency tasks plans, checklists, and procedures. The purpose of this organization is to support the council efforts in preventing catastrophic events by the provision of funding that implements investment that delivers, sustains and builds the capability to achieve the national preparedness goal. DHSEM (2016) explains one of its goals which are to reduce the risks of citizens, their local government and their businesses from All-Hazards incidences. This organization will also assist the community to prepare and plan for, grip the impact of, and adapt to chief All-Incidences adverse. This team will also establish standards to be used in the process and promote them as well as facilitate the best practice models to be used.
The transportation department in charge of railway operations will be responsible for the emergency mitigation plans. They may come up with free transportation means, or improving the rail industry. According to Dickson, Baker, and Hoornweg (2012), the Colorado Hazardous Waste Regulations (6 CCR 1007-3) administrates the transportation and management of standards in the transportation of hazardous materials. The motor carrier’s materials are required to have a registration with CPUC. CSP as well as have a proof of insurance, to regulate the transit and safety of US hazardous materials carriers. The transportation department will be used to actually assist in the prevention of more spillage as well as repairing and managing the railway line.
The National Response Plan team should be present in the committee. These individuals are incorporated to assist in generating mitigation and responses towards the disaster. This organization will help in air pollution modeling techniques through techniques that assess pollution control strategies. The organization will apply the Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Rule to the facilities that transport, handle, refine, gather, store consume or distribute oil products. Their toxic release inventory will be useful in teaching about the toxic chemicals that is released and prevention activities. The NRP data will facilitate informed decision making by the emergency hazard department, companies, communities and government agencies.
The National Incident Management System (NIMS) is another department in the emergency committee. According to Koshy, Presutti and Rosen (2015), the NIMS department contains different principles, organizational processes, and concepts that will assist in an efficient, collaborative and efficient incident management. The institution will be responsible for offering training and training modules that will mitigate the oil spill risk by facilitating a greater preparedness achievement. The mayor and the emergency management team will use the NIMS documents in integrating best practices in a comprehensive framework.
The Department of State Emergency Operations Plan will assist with information on ways to respond to the oil spill hazards. This department will delineate emergency response procedures, continuity of government, lines of authorities in managing the risk and emergency responsibilities. It will use The State Emergency Operations Plan 2015 to explain its emergency support functions in transportation, Oil and Hazardous Materials Response, Long-Term Community Recovery, emergency management and financial management (DHSEM, 2016). Emergency operations plans will discuss the ability to control, coordinate, direct and manage the emergency operation at hand. This department will conduct situational assessments, provide information summary by function and acquire and locate critical resources.
The Incident Command System (ICS) will provide an Incident Commander who will manage all the scenes operations including logistic support, planning, assessments and tactical operations. The incident commander will be responsible for setting conflict management and objectives priorities. In ensuring that the citizens are safe, the leader will execute life safety missions while managing and directing the incident resources. He/she will assist the mayor to demobilize resources that are no longer useful in the event as well as the order of resources to use on the incidence.
Community representatives should be incorporated into the team. This group will be the voice of the affected community, and they will provide information from the ground on the impact of the spills. Community involvement will assist during the implementation stage as the community will feel that the program is for their good. Treasury Board representatives should also be incorporated. This department will provide finances regarding the budget developed. The oil producing company officials together with the purchaser of the oils should denote in the team. Involving these two groups will help in deriving better-transporting methods and packaging to reduce spillage.
The mayor will provide support and leadership to help keep the Plainsville, Colorado secure and safe from all hazards that occurs from oil spillage during the transit of the same using railway. A strategic plan will be used to provide the framework to the managing committee progress towards development and maintenance of internal competences to prevent, protect against, mitigation, respond to, and recover from the hazard. The plan will reduce the health effect it has on the citizens in the area, land pollution, water pollution (underground strata), air pollution and any other adverse effect of spillage. The mayor will facilitate in ensuring the railway line is iproved, and the train modernized.
DHSEM,. (2016). Emergency Management | Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management. Dhsem.state.co.us. Retrieved 4 October 2016, from http://www.dhsem.state.co.us/emergency-management/emergency-management
Dickson, E., Baker, J., & Hoornweg, D. (2012). Urban Risk Assessments. Washington: World Bank Publications.
EPA,. (2000). Environmental protection agency (EPA), USA. Filtration & Separation, 37(5), 39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0015-1882(00)88899-0
Koshy, K., Presutti, M., & Rosen, M. (2015). Implementing the Hazard Communication Standard final rule: Lessons learned. Journal Of Chemical Health And Safety, 22(2), 23-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jchas.2014.10.002
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