Impact of FISMA upon the Quantification within the Government


The 107th Congress in December 2002 passed the Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) to cover the aspect of information security to the national and economic security interests in America (Conklin, 2007). FISMA (2016) provides that cybersecurity focuses on three areas: critical infrastructure, federal agencies, and “everything else.” In 2016, the rate of cybersecurity in America was high and the majority of Americans experienced threats that their data was exposed to varying email and media services. In the same year, approximately 30,899 cybersecurity incidents were reported that compromised system functionality or information. It has led several policies to be formulated to strengthen the aspect of cybersecurity.

Essay writing service:
  • Excellent quality
  • 100% Turnitin-safe
  • Affordable prices

Objectives of Policy Makers

Several agencies or policymakers are in charge of cybersecurity in the United States. According to the Act, the heads of every agency as well as program officials should conduct reviews every year on information security programs, to maintain risks at the lowest level possible with the least possible cost. One of the objectives to attain these thresholds is using the best information systems to control security. Second, they require assessing security by defining controls and identifying and applying the minimum controls. The control requires documentation in the security plan of the system. The policymakers assess and identify the risk at the agency level and formulate controls specific for that agency (Conklin, 2007). 

Challenges Facing Cybersecurity Objectives and Solutions

FISMA challenges are based on the aspect that it is more on compliance rather than on security (CSRC, 2019). The challenge is based on the measuring metric used by the system. Rather than improving the actual security, FISMA is like a letter that agencies require to follow for legal purposes. It thus fails to solve the core issue of information systems. Secondly, the government blames the users for security issues without dealing with the core problem

Rather than blaming the users, the government should rather deal with vendors to import well-designed goods with the best configurations. Several companies receive fails and poor metrics in their compliance forms. However, this can be solved by introducing ‘attack-based’ metrics to measure security compliance. The metric may include exploring where the IT or teams collect errors in code; after employees leave a company, how many accounts remain active; duration taken in the deployment of security patches, and the speed at which system penetrations take, and the time it takes to identify malicious code in a system. 

Effectiveness of FISMA in the Workplace

For a business that complies with FISMA, they need to build and maintain an information security program as well as submitting FISMA reports every year. However, the process to attain the best security control is risks and requires the operational and management personnel to implement and manage an inventory for information systems (MetricStream Inc., 2019). This should be followed by a categorical and standardized method of information systems following the risks associated. Then, they formulate security controls by following the NIST 800-53 publication which will help the business identify the most cost-effective methodology for the organization. The vulnerabilities and potential risks are assessed and mapped to the security controls which aid the managers to determine their risk providing the best strategy of whether to accept or mitigate the risk. Lastly, there is a need for a periodical strategy to monitor and audit the system which will identify the effectiveness of the systems and the corrective actions.


Conklin, W. A. (2007, January). Barriers to Adoption of e-Government. In 2007 40th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS’07) (pp. 98-98). IEEE.


FISMA. (2016). Federal Information Security Modernization Act of 2014. FISMA FY 2016 Annual Report To Congress.

MetricStream Inc. (2019). Frequent Threats to Federal Information Security Necessitate FISMA Compliance. Retrieved 22 August 2019, from

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
Live Chat+1(978) 822-0999EmailWhatsApp

Order your essay today and save 20% with the discount code LEMONADE