Chemical Properties, Uses, and Primary Hazards Associated With Common Oxidizers Including Concentrated Nitric Acid
Oxidizers exist in the form of gases, liquids, and solids, and they are known to react readily with most organic material and reducing agents despite having no energy input. Oxidizers are not combustible as such, but they are known to increase the flammable range for chemicals so they can be able to ignite much more and oxidizers can also be able to intensify combustion (Smith, 2007). Oxidizers can be hazardous, and they need to be handled with care because they can be a severe fire hazard (Connelly, 1996). The most common of the oxidizers in nitric acid and is generally used for the functions mentioned above. It is a much easier oxidizer to manufacture, and it is abundant, but the effects are still the same as that of other oxidizers.
Occupational Exposure Limits (OELs) Associated with at Least 3 Common Oxidizers
PSM requirements that would be useful for preventing or minimizing the consequences of a significant oxidizer related incident
Some individual requirements and procedures need to be followed by employees and employers when handling these oxidizers and even working around these hazardous materials. The employers are required to develop and maintain a piece of written safety information that identifies the workplace hazards that are associated with chemicals, equipment and technology processes.
Using the OSHA Standard and your own experience, justify and validate the importance of the PSM standard to your facility
These standards are highly essential, and during the storage of these oxidizers, it is crucial to separate the oxidizers from reducing agents, combustible materials and organic chemicals. The storage of these materials can only be done by using a secondary containment unit or storing them on different shelves. These oxidizers must be stored away from heat sources to prevent accidents and hazardous exposure to the employees. During waste disposal waste streams containing oxidizers separate from the organic waste and waste that has reducing agents (Smith, 2007). Also labeling and filling waste containers should be done extremely carefully to avoid accidents that have occurred in the past.
N. G. Connelly, W. E. Geiger (1996). “Chemical Redox Agents for Organometallic Chemistry”. Chemical Reviews. 96 (2): 877–910
Smith, Michael B.; March, Jerry (2007), Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions, Mechanisms, and Structure (6th ed.), New York: Wiley-Interscience.
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