Interactions of Hazardous materials BOS 3640

Chemical Properties, Uses, and Primary Hazards Associated With Common Oxidizers Including Concentrated Nitric Acid
Oxidizers exist in the form of gases, liquids, and solids, and they are known to react readily with most organic material and reducing agents despite having no energy input. Oxidizers are not combustible as such, but they are known to increase the flammable range for chemicals so they can be able to ignite much more and oxidizers can also be able to intensify combustion (Smith, 2007). Oxidizers can be hazardous, and they need to be handled with care because they can be a severe fire hazard (Connelly, 1996). The most common of the oxidizers in nitric acid and is generally used for the functions mentioned above. It is a much easier oxidizer to manufacture, and it is abundant, but the effects are still the same as that of other oxidizers.
Occupational Exposure Limits (OELs) Associated with at Least 3 Common Oxidizers
Professional exposure limit values are determined to avoid and prevent occupational diseases or other adverse effects in employees who are exposed to a hazardous chemical in their area of work. The primary assumption about OELs is that the persons who are exposed to dangerous chemicals are healthy adult workers (Connelly, 1996). However, in some cases, OELs are also meant to protect vulnerable groups such as pregnant women. When the harmful effects occur in a short period, it results in an acute type of exposure. Some of these oxidizers do not have a specific threshold for their exposure limit, and they do not have a safe level. These oxidizers such as nitric acid, peroxide, and bromine can irritate the airways and the eyes (Smith, 2007). Upon inhalation of these oxidants, one should be moved to fresh air immediately. Eye contact is a frequent exposure, and once it happens, eyewash has to be used to rinse the eyes thoroughly for at least 15 minutes.
PSM requirements that would be useful for preventing or minimizing the consequences of a significant oxidizer related incident
Some individual requirements and procedures need to be followed by employees and employers when handling these oxidizers and even working around these hazardous materials. The employers are required to develop and maintain a piece of written safety information that identifies the workplace hazards that are associated with chemicals, equipment and technology processes. The employer also needs to consult with employees and their representatives on the development and conduct of hazard assessments and the development of chemical accident prevention procedures and plans and other records required under the standards (Smith, 2007). Another essential requirement that is needed is to train and educate employees and contractors in emergency procedures in a way that is comprehensive and effective as that which is required by the regulation promulgated to section 126 of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (Connelly, 1996).
Using the OSHA Standard and your own experience, justify and validate the importance of the PSM standard to your facility
These standards are highly essential, and during the storage of these oxidizers, it is crucial to separate the oxidizers from reducing agents, combustible materials and organic chemicals. The storage of these materials can only be done by using a secondary containment unit or storing them on different shelves. These oxidizers must be stored away from heat sources to prevent accidents and hazardous exposure to the employees. During waste disposal waste streams containing oxidizers separate from the organic waste and waste that has reducing agents (Smith, 2007). Also labeling and filling waste containers should be done extremely carefully to avoid accidents that have occurred in the past.
N. G. Connelly, W. E. Geiger (1996). “Chemical Redox Agents for Organometallic Chemistry”. Chemical Reviews. 96 (2): 877–910
Smith, Michael B.; March, Jerry (2007), Advanced Organic Chemistry: Reactions, Mechanisms, and Structure (6th ed.), New York: Wiley-Interscience.

Deadlines from 1 hour
Get A+ help
with any paper
Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
Live Chat+1(978) 822-0999EmailWhatsApp

Order your essay today and save 20% with the discount code LEMONADE