The following Annex has been created to outline the actions and roles that need to performed to ensure a coordinated response within Plainsville, Colorado. It is meant to provide guidance to the relevant agencies within Plainsville, Colorado with regard to the potential responsibilities before, during and after emergency situations. It also describes the interagency collaboration process, network, relationships all stakeholders and partners that should be engaged to prevent, respond, mitigate, and carry out consequence management stages.
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Interagency Relationships and the Policymaking Process
The annex relates to all involved departments and agencies within the jurisdiction contained in the community of Plainsville, Colorado.
This annex covers the emergency plans in Plainsville town within Colorado State.
The city of Plainsville is among the largest cities in the state of Colorado.
As at 2014, the city of Plainsville had a total population exceeding 450,000. The main of region of concern being an industrial especially on the northern part registers inflow of people from other cities making the daytime population hit 500000.
Designated Area of Interest
The jurisdiction covered in this annex covers the railway lines pass that serves the community in which chemicals are transported to manufacturing plants within the town.
The community of Plainsville, Colorado is served by a railway line that has been associated with risks such as poor track maintenance which exposes the community to dire consequences of potential train derailment. This may expose different stakeholders to different levels and scope of the magnitude of that disaster.
This condition would be worsened by the acts of terror targeting the railway lines. These rail lines are known to be used for the transport of chemical that are routinely transported to different manufacturing plants with the jurisdiction. A possible derailment would thus result in mass deaths and injuries to the members of the community. The event is also likely to involve fear among the community members.
The vulnerable area covered by this annex is the poorly maintained rail lines creating perfect conditions for a disaster. The chemicals in transit offer an easy target for the terrorists to hit with an aim of causing death, injury and instilling fear among the community members.
There will be effective production and warning systems put in place that may be used to anticipate for disaster situations that may occur within the area covered by the jurisdiction or other neighboring regions served by the same rail lines.
It takes the assumption that contingencies put in place will differ in scope and intensity creating noticeable and distinguishable differenced for area where devastation may be isolated and limited to those that devastation may be wide-ranging and devastated.
The local authority will initiate mitigation action to reduce the effects of emergency situation within the shortest time possible.
There will supplemented response efforts by other response organizations within the jurisdiction meant to achieve efficient, effective and well -coordinated response when the main jurisdiction is faced with a situation of insufficient resources.
It should be a top priority of the officials under this annex to work their level best in attempts to save lives, offer protection of property , mitigate human suffering, protect the environment and restore essential services and facilities.
CONCEPT OF OPERATIONS
The mayor of the town may declare localized state of emergency and thereby request for more assistant from the State. All requests for State Assistance need to be channeled through the local emergency manager for the town to the State Emergency Operations Center.
When the State Emergence Operations Center has been activated, the responsibility falls to the State Emergency Response Team under the leadership of the director of emergency management.
The local emergence manager will lead the operations of the local response team from various stakeholders.
Adequate preparations will be made to facilitate rapid deployment of resources necessary to ensure recovery
Hazard Control and Assessment
Perceive the threat: The threat of a possible train derailment will be considered. The possibility of occurrence is fueled by poor track maintenance and possible terror attack. The magnitude of the threat is increased by the presence of the manufacturing chemicals that are transported by rail.
Assess the Hazard
The rail lines serving the community are vulnerable to occurrence of disaster which may lead to injuries and fatalities of the community members. The problem is made worse by the chemicals transported but are needed to support the manufacturing activities within the city.
Select control strategy: this should be aimed at improving track condition, protection form terror attack and safe transport of chemicals.
Process of Protective Action Selection
Review and analyze the hazard
Come up with protection action’
Determine ways of achieving public warning
Determine protective action implementation plan
Determine the contents to be used to relay the message
Choose appropriate public warning systems
Channel the public warning
Protective Action Implementation
Carry out monitoring of the protection action implementation
Control access and isolate danger area
Facilitate evacuation process
Carryout decontamination support process
Avail medical services
Offer special population support
Search and rescue any trapped victims
ORGANIZATION AND ASSIGMENT OF RESPONSIBILITIES
Elected official; Mayor and Deputy Mayor
Declaration of disaster
Give evacuation orders
Make other relevant decisions necessary to solve the disaster in hand
Homeland security and emergency management agencies
Emergence Operations Center (EOC) staffing and functioning
Alert warning systems
Offer emergence information sensitization to the public
Assess the possibility of the derailment being a terror attack
Collaborate with other relevant agencies to gather evidence for the disaster
Provide information aimed at eliminating fear related to a terror attack
Railway management services
Provide details for the train plan and the chemical content
Terminate any further operations along the rail lines
Law enforcement agencies
Maintain law and order
Ensuring smooth flow of traffic
Controlling and limiting access to the scene
Assist in the evacuation effort
Offer fire protection and combating fire that my erupt
Search and rescue trapped victims
Emergency medical services agencies
Emergency medical transportation
Provide medical treatment
Facilitate the process of medical evacuation
Emergence medical care information and coordination
Offer medical advisories with regard to the chemical exposure and contamination
Public work agencies
Maintain major routes of access
Assist in the process of heavy rescue
Environment management services
Measure the level of environmental pollution by the chemical spillage
Coordinate the process of reducing adverse effects to the environment
Offering sustainable solutions for the transportation of the chemicals (FEMA, 1996)
FEMA. (1996). Guide for All-Hazard Emergence Operations Planning.
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