Individuals with TB infection show no signs. However, people with active TB disease may have the following symptoms: a persistent cough, weight loss, fever, night sweats, coughing up blood, loss of appetite, and constant fatigue.
Some of the primary community resources and prevention resources set to address the issue of TB are as follows:
To manage persons who have the disease or who are suspected of having the disease, the officials in DC follow to ensure the completion of patient therapy to reduce transmission, cure illness, and prevent the mutation of the bacteria into a drug-resistant state. This is achieved through:
Causes of Tuberculosis
The initial guidelines on TB treatment were produced in 1990 but lacked evidence categories given as recommendations. They allowed the use of ethambutol drug to be used in patients who were likely to have isoniazid resistance. Later, the results of national research on lymph node tuberculosis indicated that treatment durations could range between 6 months, where patients undergo chemotherapy or even take longer for some people.
Evidence-based diagnosis requires the synthesis of evidence on various diagnostic tests or systematic reviews.
For a long time, clinicians had the tuberculin skin test as the only approach to detecting latent TB infection. Today, two ex vivo interferon-gamma release assays(IGRAs) are commercially licensed for use in diagnosing latent TB infection among both healthy people and people with low immunity. Researchers used Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific antigens (RD1 antigens) and overnight (16- to 24-h) incubation times to evaluate IGRAs.
1. Social Media Campaign Objective
My social media campaign objective would be to reduce the rates of TB infections in Washington, DC. It is evident that the rates of the disease incidences are declining but is vital that the disease is entirely eradicated since it is contagious and as long as there are individuals out there still suffering from the disease, the risk of contracting still exist. The social media strategy is intended to offer education to the community concerning the disease. The campaign will include informing individuals on the risk factors and prevention methods. It will also guide those who are already sick to adhere to medication for proper and quick recovery. Moreover, the social media campaign will fight against the stigmatization of individuals suffering the disease since most people associate the disease with HIV/AIDS. The campaign will, therefore, motivate the sick to seek medical attention while condemning discrimination of TB patients.
2. Social marketing interventions
One of the social marketing interventions would be Informed Decision-making intervention. Since some individuals may not understand the risks associated with contracting TB, it would be prudent that they are taught on the issues surrounding the disease. This will include the risk factors, methods of prevention, and the importance of getting tested.
Countermarketing would also be useful in the war against. Tobacco countermarketing will be effective since smoking of cigarettes encourages the risk of TB 2-3 fold and also contributes to poor treatment results. The campaign will include therefore oppositional techniques which will aim at telling individuals on the adverse effects of smoking tobacco.
3. Suitable Social Media Platform
I would select Facebook as the social media platform for users to communicate with the public about fighting TB. The platform has over 2.2 billion active users every month and 1.4 billion users globally. Statistics indicate that the United States has the highest number of Facebook users in the world and thus using it in the campaign increases the likelihood that many people will access the information. The benefits of using Facebook include:
The population will benefit from the campaigns in various ways, including:
The best practices for implementing social media tools for health marketing include:
Stakeholder roles and responsibilities in implementing a social media campaign plan
Possible public and private partnerships
The organization may consider partnering with health facilities who would assist in providing credible information to post in social media. Other potential partners may include higher learning institutions, local authorities and non-governmental agencies, and religious institutions.
|Sunday||Post about TB history of TB and prevalence and discuss user contributions|
|Monday||Post causes of TB and discuss them|
|Tuesday||Post about symptoms|
|Thursday||React to different opinions from individuals and ask questions|
|Friday||Initiate conversation from the topic|
|Saturday||Reflect with users on the general benefits of the|
Evaluation of the effectiveness of the campaign
The cost of implementing the campaign will be negligible since it costs $0 to open a Facebook account. I will also feed information and photos on the page in person to avoid expenses. Moreover, I expect to not research since I will partners with local hospitals who would provide reliable information.
Role of Social Media in Nursing
Jacobsen, W. C., & Forste, R. (2011). The wired generation: Academic and social outcomes of electronic media use among university students. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14(5), 275-280.
Neiger, B. L., Thackeray, R., Van Wagenen, S. A., Hanson, C. L., West, J. H., Barnes, M. D., & Fagen, M. C. (2012). Use of social media in health promotion: purposes, key performance indicators, and evaluation metrics. Health promotion practice, 13(2), 159-164.
Raju, R. M., Raju, S. M., Zhao, Y., & Rubin, E. J. (2016). Leveraging advances in tuberculosis diagnosis and treatment to address nontuberculous mycobacterial disease. Emerging infectious diseases, 22(3), 365.
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