LEADERSHIP STYLES

The first 9 questions in the Blake & Mouton Managerial grid questionnaire usually tell about how concerned managers are with production. The second set of questions gives an idea as to whether the managers have sufficient concern for the workforce. They should therefore be analyzed separately to get an idea as the leadership styles of the managers (Crainer, 2003). The table below gives the data as it should be presented.

1 concern for production concern for people
question male female question male female
1 4 4.2 10 4 4
2 4.6 4.1 11 3.9 4.2
3 3.2 4.2 12 4 4.1
4 3.9 4.6 13 3 4
5 4.2 3.9 14 4.5 4.5
6 3.7 4.1 15 4.9 4.3
7 4.1 4.7 16 3 3.9
8 4.5 4.1 17 3.3 4
9 3.5 4.2 18 3 3.7
Total 35.7 38.1 126 33.6 36.7

The mean =  

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            = 35.7/9 for the male managers inregard to concern for production

            = 3.967

Mean for women in regard to concern to production

            =38.1/9

=4.233

Concern for people

Male managers           

Mean = 33.6/9

            = 3.733

Female managers

Mean = 36.7/9

            = 4.778

The median is obtained by arranging values in ascending order and then selecting the middlemost value.

For concern to production,

Male managers values arranged in ascending order are 3.2, 3.5, 3.7, 3.9, 4, 4.1, 4.2, 4.5, 4.6

The median is 4

Female managers

3.9, 4.1, 4.1, 4.1, 4.2, 4.2, 4.2, 4.6, 4.7

Median is 4.2

For concern to people,

Male managers have values of

3, 3, 3, 3.3, 3.9, 4, 4, 4.5, 4.9

The median value is 3.9

Female managers

3.7, 3.9, 4, 4, 4, 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.5

4, 4.2, 4.1, 4, 4.5, 4.3,

The median is 4

The mode is the most recurrent value in a data set

Concern for production

Male = all the values in male column occur once. There is therefore no mode in this case

Female managers have a mode of 4.2 for concern for production.

Concern for people

Male managers have a mode of 3

Female managers have a mode of 4

2. the stem leaf diagram obtained from the online interactive program is as shown below

Stem Leaf
0 3 3 4 4
0

3. The below pie chart can be obtained for the medians of the data presented.

4. Both male and female managers have higher production oriented skills, than people oriented skills. Female managers have better leadership qualities than their male counterparts. However, note from the pie chart above, there is only a slight disparity in the leadership styles of both men and women (Blake & Mouton, 1994).

5. Leadership training sessions should mainly be concentrated on the male managers.                                                        

Both male and female managers should have training on concern for people                                                           

Male managers should be taught on the importance of prioritizing the concern of others and how it can impact on production.                                                

The leadership styles for both genders are however above the middle of the road and so not badly off.                                        

All managers should be trained on team skills so that they can learn to exploit the full potential of workers(Blake & McCanse, 1997).

References Blake, R. R., & McCanse, A. A. (1997). Leadership dilemmas–Grid solutions. Houston: Gulf Pub. Co. Blake, R. R., & Mouton, J. S. (1994). The managerial grid. Houston: Gulf Pub. Crainer, S. (2003). The ultimate business library: The greatest books that made management. Oxford: Capstone.

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