Hanney et al. (2015) acknowledged that there are time lags between biomedical research and its translation into health improvement. Improving time lags is critical in increasing the rate of return on research. Donglan, Giabbanelli, Arah, and Zimmerman (2014) expressed that for a policy change, especially when it comes to adult eating behaviors, the use of regulation of food outlets can be helpful. They also noted that to test the results of such interventions, an agent-based modeling may be useful, especially with a complex experiment such as one dealing with huge swathes of populations. For this submission, I will consider the Kaleidoscope Model of policy change. The model is important when dealing with policies, especially in environments characterized by scarcity of resources. With the Kaleidoscope Model of policy change, its use is critical in the implementation of policies when there have been long periods of policy inertia. The model is important when policy makers are juggling between different sensitive matters such as the underlying political, economic, and institutional characteristics of the society to be impacted.
To implement the model, Resnick et al. (2015) explain that the model focuses on understanding formal expressions of public policy. Policy change is expressed through major developments, which involve wholesale reorientation or minor changes. The model suggests the implementation of policy in a cyclic form emphasizing on the following steps in the cycle; evaluation and reform, agenda setting, design of the policy, adoption of the policy, and finally adoption of the policy. Resnick et al. explain that the different stages are not isolated but have strong affinity to shared elements in the policy process. As such, there are no distinct boarders in the process.
Donglan, Z., Giabbanelli, P. J., Arah, O. A., & Zimmerman, F. J. (2014). Impact of different policies on unhealthy dietary behaviors in an urban adult population: An agent-based simulation model. American Journal of Public Health, 104(7), 1217–1222.
Hanney, S. R., Castle-Clarke, S., Grant, J., Guthrie, S., Henshall, C., Mestre-Ferrandiz, J.,…Wooding, S. (2015). How long does biomedical research take? Studying the time taken between biomedical and health research and its translation into products, policy, and practice. Health Research Policy & Systems, 13(1), 1–32.Resnick, D., Babu, S., Haggblade, S., Hendriks, S., & Mather, D. (2015). Conceptualizing drivers of policy change in agriculture, nutrition, and food security: The kaleidoscope model. IFPRI E-BRARY. Retrieved from ebrary.ifpri.org/utils/getdownloaditem/collection/p15738coll2/id/128953/filename/129164.pdf/mapsto/pdf
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