Within the field of psychology, there is a degree of difficulty when trying to define morality, although it significantly forms an important aspect of the human life. Regrettably, and on several occasions, the justification for a better personal life has led people to change and lose their moral values. However, in the same measure, morals should be restored and recognized. Ordinarily, morality in human beings is not just an old topic of psychology; rather it is a close conception about the meaning of life. Moral goodness is what gives people the sense of being called human (Ayala, 2010). Building on Kohlberg’s moral of development, morality largely depends on the way an individual accomplishes the tasks set before him during the stages or moral development (Garz, 2009). For instance, as Kohlberg noted children are likely to apply higher levels of reasoning when solving some problems but revert to lower levels when working on something consistent with their goals. Kohlberg also based his moral of development on the principle of; human beings are born without morals, but they acquire them as they interact with other people. Nonetheless, although many individuals disagree with Kohlberg’s moral development for different reasons; from a personal point of view, Kohlberg’s ideas of moral reasoning resonates with my way of thinking.

Kohlberg’s Moral Stage Theory

Need a custom paper ASAP?
We can do it today.
Tailored to your instructions. 0% plagiarism.

 Essentially, as Garz elaborates, there are six stages of Kohlberg’s moral development. The first level of pre-conventional morality is further divided into the first stage of obedience and punishment, and the second stage of self-interest orientation. According to Garz, the first step involves the use of punishment to keep someone from doing a certain action and obey the rules. The second stage of self-interest orientation believes that morality is based on the satisfaction of the individual needs. For instance, if someone steals money for the treatment of a sick child, then the action is morally right because of the dire need of the doer. Level two is the conventional morality, divided into the third and the fourth stages of moral development. The third stage is the good boy-nice girl orientation, where a person is judged based on their role in the society. The fourth stage, which is the law and order orientation judges individuals based on their respect for the authorities and their adherence to rule. The third level is also divided into the fifth and sixth stage; the fifth step is the social contract orientation, and an individual’s morals are based on various opinions and values of different people before an action can be termed as morally upright. The last stage builds on the individual’s acceptance of ethical principles and judgment is usually innate. Individuals may violate rules based on their principles of justice.

Personal Reflection

As an individual who agrees with Kohlberg’s moral of development, stage five and six resonates well with my sense of morality, especially regarding individual values, principles, and perspectives. Ideally, I believe that in modern society some laws are unjust and do not serve the interests of the majority. In fact, from a personal viewpoint, laws are social contracts, and when they fail to meet the collective good of the majority, they should be adjusted or removed. The position is affirmed by the realization that every person is different and sometimes, breaking rules is consistent with their beliefs and principles. In reality, I believe that people do what is right because they believe it is morally right and it is serving their best interests. Individuals do not uphold morals because it is legal. Similarly, people hold different opinions, and their perspectives should be respected.


Ayala, F. J. (2010). The difference of being human: Morality. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(2), 9015-9022. Garz, D. (2009). Lawrence Kohlberg: An introduction. Opladen: Barbara Budrich Pub.

Place your order
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.

Read more
Live Chat+1(978) 822-0999EmailWhatsApp

Order your essay today and save 20% with the discount code LEMONADE