OVSH Chemistry Corrosion Health & Safety Hazards & Electroplating Companies Paper

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Assignment: Corrosion

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Assignment: Corrosion
Corrosion is a leading cause of the structural degradation of bridges and roadways.
Not only dust rust weaken metal structures, but as it builds up it also forces apart
connecting parts of the structure, causing it to fail, which risks public safety.
However, methods used to prevent corrosion may also have negative effects on
human health. In this assignment, you will research and evaluate the environmental
and health effects associated with methods used to prevent the corrosion of
electronics, then communicate your findings in the form of a research paper.
Your task is research and communicate your findings on the environmental and
health hazards associated with the prevention of corrosion of electronic waste. Be
sure to include in your paper a discussion of how the substances used by the
industry to prevent corrosion. It is important that you include examples in your
paper, where possible, to support your ideas.
There are multiple parts to this assignment. It is strongly recommend that you
complete each sequentially to ensure that your teacher has an opportunity to review
and provide feedback on all components of your report.
Part I: Planning Your Research Paper
1. Select a topic to research and evaluate as a part of this assignment. You may
select any environmental and/or health effects associated with corrosion
prevention. Possible questions to consider are provided if you are having
difficulty finding a topic.
6/14/22, 5:54 PM
Assignment: Corrosion
2. Create a plan or outline for your paper that includes your thesis and the three
main points you intend to present in support of your thesis.
3. Submit a list of three resources you wish to use to write your paper. Ensure your
resources are listed in APA style.
4. Submit your completed research paper outline to the Dropbox. Your teacher will
review and provide you feedback on how to proceed with your research paper.
Questions to Consider:

What health and safety hazards are associated with waste generated by
electroplating companies?
 What is being done to reduce the impact that waste is having on the
environment and human health?
What are some of the toxic substances that can escape from electronic
waste on the the environment?
 What are the potential effects of these chemicals on your health?

Your grade is linked to both parts of the assignment. Wait for feedback from your
teacher on the components of Part I before working on and completing your
research paper.
Part II: Writing Your Research Paper
1. Write your research paper, incorporating the feedback and direction from your
teacher. Your research paper should have an introduction, body, and conclusion.
Typically, you would have one paragraph for each of your introduction and
conclusion. The body of your research paper can have multiple paragraphs. The
focus of the body of your paper should be the three main points you submitted to
your your teacher in Part I.
2. Include any relevant data you obtained from your research to support your main
ideas. Ensure your data is obtained from a credible source.
6/14/22, 5:54 PM
Assignment: Corrosion
3. Use in-text citations to reference any information you wish to present that is not
your own original idea, such as data and theories/opinions of others.
4. Submit a reference list that includes all the sources you used in your research
paper. Ensure that both your in-text citations and reference list are completed
according to APA style.
Ensure that you include the chemistry involved in preventing the corrosion of
electronics as you discuss the positive and negative impacts on human health and
the environment.
Assessment Details
Your submission should include the following:

Part I: Your outline for your paper, including your thesis and three main points.

Part I: Three sources you intend to use to write your research paper.

Part II: Your research paper.

Part II: Your complete reference list in APA style.
Upload all components of your research paper to the Assignment:
Corrosion Dropbox.
 Assignment: Corrosion Rubric
Submit this assignment to the dropbox. This assignment will be evaluated for a grade that will
contribute to your overall final grade in this course.
6/14/22, 5:54 PM
Assignment: Corrosion
Corrosion: Health and Safety Hazards Associated Electroplating Companies
Tala Naksho
SCH4U j26+
Jennfir Shields
May 26 , 2022
Health and Safety Hazards Associated Electroplating Companies
Electrochemical reactions are the cause of the majority of the types of corrosion that
occur. Oxidation of the metal surface results in general corrosion. Metals have a propensity to
give up electrons to the oxygen found in the air or in water, and they oxidize very quickly.
Oxide is produced when oxygen is reduced, which results in extra electrons being obtained
by the metal. During this process, which is known as a reduction-oxidation reaction, the
metal’s surroundings are responsible for causing it to become oxidized (Zhang et al., 2018).
The reaction occurs naturally and is favored by electrochemistry at the same time. The
process of corrosion involves the formation of galvanic cells, in which the metal in question
functions as an anode. Electroplating has rapidly gained popularity as a method for polishing
metal. Electrodeposition is a procedure that includes the application of a metal onto the
surface of a product made of steel or iron using an electric current. The metal coating
performs the function of a barrier, which may both slow down the process of corrosion and
stop it from developing on the material. In spite of the fact that electroplating activities may
stop corrosion from taking place, the risks to health and safety that are involved with this
process make it less advantageous. Electroplating may result in the release of hazardous air
pollutants, usual causes of fires in buildings where electroplating is performed, and the
production of hazardous waste as a byproduct of electroplating.
When an individual is exposed to carcinogenic pollutants in the air for prolonged
periods of time, their risk of developing cancer as well as the risk of having other adverse
consequences on their health rises; surface preparation, surface treatment, and post-plating
treatment are the operations that take place at electroplating facilities. This is because
electroplating is a finishing procedure that fundamentally alters the surface qualities of metal.
Each and every one of these factors contributes to the emission of pollutants into the
atmosphere. Chromium, cadmium, volatile organic compounds (VOC), and cyanide are
examples of some of the contaminants that are released into the atmosphere (Ari et al., 2020).
Cyanide has been an essential ingredient in plating, despite the fact that it may have a
negative influence on a person’s nervous system, heart, and lungs. Cyanide is a swiftly lethal
chemical that may exist in a number of different forms. Cyanide stops the cells in the body
from using oxygen, which may lead to the death of the cells. Because the brain and the heart
utilize so much oxygen, being deprived of it may be particularly damaging to these organs.
Heavy metals such as chromium and cadmium are produced as a byproduct of the plating
process. Inhaling chromium may lead to adverse health effects, such as hypersensitivity
responses, lung cancer, nasal inflammation, chills, nasal ulcers, fever, and muscular aches are
some of the symptoms that may come from inhaling high quantities of cadmium over a short
period of time (Ari et al., 2020). This can also cause harm to the lungs. Kidney, bone, and
lung damage may be the consequence of chronic exposure, which is defined as exposure at a
low level over a prolonged period of time. The degreasing and cleaning solutions that were
utilized let out volatile organic compounds. VOCs are made up of a wide variety of
compounds, each of which has the potential to irritate the skin, eyes, nose, and throat, as well
as induce headaches, tiredness, nausea, dizziness, and other symptoms. When present in
higher quantities, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) may irritate the lungs and cause harm
to the liver, central nervous system, and kidneys. The plating process causes a significant
quantity of chemicals and dangerous air pollutants to be discharged into the environment;
hence, the issue arises as to whether or not it is worthwhile to continue doing so. The
detrimental impact that these hazardous substances have on the health of humans is of the
highest order.
In an electroplating industry, combustible substances like solvents are a typical
occurrence. Electroplating presents considerable dangers to both persons and the environment
due to the nature of the materials, procedures, and circumstances involved in the process
(Zhang et al., 2018). There are several materials that, when combined with air, water, or other
chemicals, have the potential to react aggressively or even explode. In facilities that do
electroplating, several common causes of fires may be found. Drying out of electrically
heated baths is one of the issues, along with inadequate level monitoring, the automatic
beginning of electrical heating components without media contact, and the close proximity of
heating elements to combustible pans. An electroplating facility in Kitchener, Ontario, had a
fire in the month of May 2020, forcing the personnel inside to escape the building. A fire
broke out at the building housing Kuntz Electroplating, resulting in $100,000 worth of
damage (Versolatto, 2018). Again, electroplating is a useful method for avoiding corrosion,
but since it may also create fires, it cannot be considered the most efficient method.
Thirdly, electroplating generates a substantial amount of waste. Sadly, the trash in
question poses a significant risk to human health. The term “hazardous waste” refers to any
kind of waste that, if not properly kept, transported, or disposed of, has the potential to
endanger both human and environmental health (Ari et al., 2020). Precious metals may be
found in the garbage that is currently being treated. If not disposed of correctly, cyanide,
acid-based solutions, and items such as plating bath filters are capable of causing damage to
people and the environment. Ignitability, corrosivity, reactivity, and toxicity are the aspects of
waste from precious-metal electroplating that need to be evaluated in order to establish
whether or not the waste poses a threat to human health. After assessing whether or not it has
those qualities, the person who generated the trash is responsible for deciding whether or not
it belongs to one of the four categories of waste that have been created by the EPA.
In conclusion, now that this result has been determined, businesses are in a position to
classify their waste as either hazardous or nonhazardous. Businesses have a responsibility to
investigate the various modes of transportation available and choose the safest way to
transport and dispose of their trash. Companies put themselves in a significant position of
legal risk if an accident occurs that is related to the manner in which precious-metal waste is
managed. For the sake of protecting those working nearby as well as the environment, a
comprehensive strategy for processing is required. Because of the large quantity of
potentially harmful waste that is generated during the electroplating process, there is a lot of
possibility for mistakes and accidents to take place. Even though electroplating operations are
an adequate method for preventing corrosion, this method is not the most environmentally or
humanly friendly method because it results in the production of toxic air pollutants, can cause
fires, and results in hazardous waste. Additionally, this method is not an adequate method for
preventing corrosion.
Arı, A., Arı, P. E., Yenisoy-Karakaş, S., & Gaga, E. O. (2020). Source characterization and
risk assessment of occupational exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in a
barbecue restaurant. Building and Environment, 174, 106791.
Versolatto, T. (2020, May 27). Fire causes 0k damage to Kuntz electroplating in
Kitchener. Kitchener. Retrieved May 24, 2022, from
Zhang, M., Chen, C., Mao, L., & Wu, Q. (2018). Use of electroplating sludge in production
of fired clay bricks: Characterization and environmental risk evaluation. Construction
and Building Materials, 159, 27-36.

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