Sustainable Development Goals


The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is an agenda that was adopted by the United Nations in 2015. It is a guide aimed at promoting peace within and among nations and also prosperity today and in the future. The UN identified seventeen goals which it intends to achieve before the year 2030 (Sachs, 2012). The issues covered in the goals include poverty eradication, promoting equality among people, preventing adverse climatic changes, and environmental degradation. The UN intends to foster prosperity and promote peace and justice within and among nations. The goals are to be achieved through global partnerships between both developed and developing countries. World leaders agreed to use the strategy of improving health, educating individuals, fighting inequality, and enhancing economic growth to eliminate poverty and reduce negative impacts of climatic changes.    

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Ways in which Individuals can contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals

As a young person, other than being a mere beneficiary of the 2030 Agenda, youths can become active architects in the development of the program and can engage in processes of implementing the agenda, making follow-ups and doing reviews. Some of how young people can get involved in the means are as follows.

Joining local Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) – participating in local NGOs is a reasonable way of facilitating the achievement of sustainable development efforts. Different NGOs engage in various activities, and most of their goals align with the 2013 Global goals. For instance, an individual can join an NGO that helps youth engage in national decision-making strategies related to global goals. Such platforms provide youth with a podium and confidence to demand action from the government and offer viable ideas.

Attend youth conferences aimed at promoting peace-An individual can join peace bodies such as the Youth4Peace project, which is a UN-led initiative that encourages young people’s involvement in building peace in society. Many people, especially politicians, manipulate young people to disrupt peace whenever it suits. Initiatives like Youth4Peace recognize the significance of youths in maintaining peace and thus help them become instruments of constructive and positive change.

Engaging in local politics- individuals can also join politics in their regions as it helps in raising awareness of problems facing the youth and demanding change. When young people access public offices, they are likely to cause changes that improve the lives of youth as they can quickly identify with their minds. Public offices occupied by young people also become a central point of receiving ideas that youth believe could help them change their lives.

Raising awareness online and pushing action offline-young people can organize events aimed at creating the first sustainable generation. Individuals can create online platforms that combine fun and learning experiences to bring young people worldwide, exchange ideas, and encourage them to explore technological advancements in the global arena and apply their findings within their localities. Such platforms can be used to educate members of the seventeen goals, allow members to offer feedback to the opinions of others and thus facilitate the learning and development process.

Supporting Young Women’s Participation- the strategy is much effective in developing countries where the roles women are limited to domestic responsibilities. Individuals can join organizations or form groups aimed at empowering marginalized and vulnerable young women. Through the organizations, the women can be educated about their rights, supported to get a formal education and allowed to vie and support each other to attain leadership positions. Young people can organize campaigns to sensitize the community of the illegality of gender discrimination, domestic violence against women, and even female genital mutilation in communities that practice the act (Doyle & Stiglitz, 2014). They can also take legal action on behalf of the victims and help punish the perpetrators of such behaviors.

Roles of youth in the Sustainable Development Goals

Young people play a crucial role in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals. The roles can be summarized as follows.

Critical thinkers-The youth are expected to observe the world and events in their surroundings and ask questions that may lead to the improvement of the situation. Young people have the responsibility to make people in authority to take action in solving problems in society and improve the quality lives in the community. Being energetic, they can challenge the authorities to enact legislation that would push a country towards the achievement of the SDGs.

Changemakers- Individuals can also become activists of change by mobilizing masses to act upon issues in the society that hinder the achievement of SDGs (Griggs et al., 2013). Advancement in technology and social media helps to spread information quickly and connect people with a common agenda of youth activism for development purposes.

Innovators- Young people have not only fresh perspectives but also an insight into issues that older adults do not understand. By understanding the problems facing them in society, youths can offer the best ideas of handling the issues or provide alternative measures that can be used spur development among youths.

The medium of communication-The idea of global goals was conceptualized in 1992 and became effective in 2015 yet most people worldwide still have no idea that leaders across the globe agreed to improve the living conditions and the environment of the planet by 2030. Young people can take the mandate of enlightening their peers and communities about the vision and challenge members into taking actions that may help foster the achievement of the goals.

Leadership- Young people should equip themselves with leadership skills that can help them drive change in their societies Sachs (Raikes et ., 2017) They can offer their support by participating in forums with global leaders where they can voice their views and discuss specific issues that are relevant to the youth regarding the implementation of the vision 2030 of Sustainable Development. As leaders, the youth can address significant and interrelated changes in the world. Leadership also offers an opportunity to give resources for individuals to obtain their livelihoods.

 ethical norms in healthcare  

My future responsibilities regarding ethical norms would revolve around the principles of health care ethics, which are discussed below.

The principle of autonomy focuses on the right of patients to have control over their bodies. As a healthcare professional, I understand that I can only suggest and advise a patient. However, I cannot persuade or coerce patients into making decisions against their will. The principle guides health care providers to allow patients to make their independent choices according to their beliefs and values, and regardless of what the medical provider thinks (BOSTOCK-COX, B, 2018).

The principle of beneficence requires medical providers to act in a way that will ensure maximum benefit to the patient in all situations. The law requires that healthcare providers only recommend procedures and treatments that would do the most good to the patient. From the principle, I understand that I must learn and maintain a high level of expertise and knowledge, and ensure that I have training that aligns with recent medical practice requirements.   I also understand that I must consider each patient’s circumstance before making a recommendation since what works for one patient will not necessarily work for another.

According to the principle of Non-Maleficence, the end goal of a medical practitioner is not provide the best care without harming (BOSTOCK-COX, B, 2018). From the policy, I understand that as a medical practitioner, I have to ensure that the decisions I make do not affect other people or society. Decisions made to benefit a particular should have no negative impact on the life of the patient or any other patient.

Lastly, there is the principle of justice that requires health care providers to be fair while making medical decisions. The policy guides medical service providers to ensure fairness in the distribution of limited resources and when offering treatments. It also guides medical experts to abide by the laws and regulations regarding specific practices when making professional decisions.     


The Sustainable Development Goals is an initiative aimed at making the world a better place to be, and world leaders expect to achieve the goals by the year 2030. All individuals have a role to play in the project to help their achievement. As a young person, one can contribute to the implementation of the initiative either as an individual or a team. Among the ways of ensuring the success of the process, young people should observe the principles that guide their professions, for example, the principles of healthcare ethics for medical practitioners which promote the health care sector. Being the biggest beneficiaries of the project, youth have a vital role in ensuring the achievement of sustainable development goals.             


BOSTOCK-COX, B. (2018). Ethical healthcare; is it under threat? As healthcare professionals we are privileged to be allowed access to the most private and intimate areas of peoples’ lives, but this comes with the responsibility of behaving ethically at all times. This article explores the basic bioethical principles that underpin healthcare and considers how these principles can be challenged in day-to-day practice. Practice Nurse, 48(12), 28–34

Doyle, M. W., & Stiglitz, J. E. (2014). Eliminating extreme inequality: A sustainable development goal, 2015–2030. Ethics & International Affairs, 28(1), 5-13.

Griggs, D., Stafford-Smith, M., Gaffney, O., Rockström, J., Öhman, M. C., Shyamsundar, P., … & Noble, I. (2013). Policy: Sustainable development goals for people and planet. Nature, 495(7441), 305.

Raikes, A., Yoshikawa, H., Britto, P. R., & Iruka, I. (2017). Children, Youth and Developmental Science in the 2015‐2030 Global Sustainable Development Goals. Social Policy Report, 30(3), 1-23.Sachs, J. D. (2012). From millennium development goals to sustainable development goals. The Lancet, 379(9832), 2206-2211.

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