The Analysis of the Bible

The Bible is the Christians’ canon and comprises both the New and the Old Testament. The Old Testament represents the work that God the Father did during the era of Law while the second section is the work of our Lord Jesus Christ during the era of Grace (Coogan, 2011). However, the Bible was written by men who were inspired by God. As a canon for Christians, the Bible contains the theme of redemption, faith, salvation and the problem of evil. 

What Kind Of Book Is The Bible?

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The Holy book is popular for its authority and classic. The Bible played a significant role in human civilization and influences mankind’s economy, law, literature, education, science, and other fields (Jambrek and Jambrek, 2010). It contains many words of wisdom that guide humans on the righteous way of life. By reading the Bible, Christians understand the past work of God and understand God. The bible contains the supernatural revelation of the will of God (Jambrek & Jambrek, 2010). This is based on the view that the Bible was divinely inspired and inerrant in terms of history, morals, and doctrine. The aspect of supernatural originates from the fact/belief that it is not a natural occurrence but was through divine knowledge of God’s agents as a revelation to the infallible and eternal will of God. 

The Bible is the sacred literature for Christianity as there is other sacred literature for other religions. This is because Christians study the Bible to understand Christianity while others read the Bible as historical literature. Another form of the Bible is a moral guide as it is the inerrant word that provides moral guidance to humanity. For example, the teaching of Christ and the Ten Commandments provide moral counsel while the proverbs provide good guidance and the psalms are a form of comfort. Lastly, the Bible is all about faith that there is a supernatural God who controls the universe and everything in it. 

What is the Bible About?

The Bible contains sixty-six books with each book discussing varying elements. The meaning of what the Bible is all about is found in the book of Matthew 1:1, “The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, David’s son, Abraham’s son.” This depicts the subject matter of the New Testament which is the study of Jesus Christ. On the other hand, the Old Testament presents the Law of Moses, the Psalms, and the Prophets. It presents the principles through which ancient prophets and saints served God. Through the experiences of those who served God in the old and new ages, the Bible offers the contemporary Christians illuminations and inspirations. Some of the books like the letters of Paul and Peter presents the word of life and gives Christians sustenance and help.

Main Characters

There are three main characters in the Old Testament: God, Moses, and David. The Old Testament presents God as unchangeable, sovereign, and unique as He is different from other gods who caused varying quarrels and faults. Although the nature of God is unchanging, He is presented with different names “I AM WHO I AM” and “YAHWEH” (Emlet, 2009). All the books explore God and His wonderful deeds. The second character is Moses who was born during an eventful time when all boys were being killed. He was raised in the Egyptian palace to learn the Egyptians way of life as a preparation for his mission to save the Israelites. The Bible presents Moses as a hero and obedient which he portrays self-assertion. 

The third main character is David who is recorded as a strong unassuming shepherd who won God’s heart. David’s strength is seen when he killed Goliath, humility while singing to Saul and while he danced until his clothes fell, selflessness through mercy he showed to others and forgiving. The main characters in the New Testament are Jesus, Peter, and Paul. Jesus was a son of God termed as the Messiah, Christ, Emmanuel who was sent to die for the sinners. Peter is the most sympathetic character in the New Testament (Mayer and Cysouw, 2014) where he eagerly desired to please God but ended denying him three times. The third character is Paul who was highly educated and used to prosecute the church before his conversion to Christianity where he started preaching the gospel mostly to the Gentiles. 

Basic Plotline

Mayer and Cysouw (2014) explain that the Old Testament is classified into four sections: the Pentateuch, the Former Prophets (or Historical Books), the Writings, and the Latter Prophets. The Pentateuch contains the first five books of the Old Testament; Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus Numbers and Deuteronomy all of which explore the creation process, the introduction of sin, Abraham, Jacob, Israelites, and Moses. These books explore the history of the Israelites, their journey from Egypt and the challenges they faced in the wilderness. 

The second section, the Former Prophets also known as the Historical Books start from the death of Moses until the 587B.C (Coogan, 2011). The Book of Joshua and Judges presents the historical events of Israelites conquering the land of Canaan. The books are followed by the two Books of Samuel where the Israelites sought from Samuel to choose a King and kings which is presented in the first and the second kings.

The third section is the writings also called the books of wisdom and poetry and includes the Book of Esther, the Book of Job, the Psalms, the Proverbs, and the Ecclesiastes and the Songs of Solomon. The last section is the Later Prophets which comprise of Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and 12 other prophets. The New Testament is classified into three sections; the Gospels, the Epistles, and the Book of Revelation. The Gospel books are the first four books (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John). According to Henrich (2007), the New Testament contains one of history’s most fascinating, complexes, diverse and abundant texts. 

Key Themes

  1. The Problem of Evil

The Old Testament is an illustration of the all-loving God and what His wrath can do to His people. It starts with the encounter with Adam and Eve who sinned and was chased from the Garden of Eden. The Bible illustrates that evil results from disobedience against God and it does not illustrate it as God’s neglect or malice (Emlet, 2009). In the book of Kings, God tried to sway Israelites from their wayward lives but the Israelites continued to do against God’s will which is the source of evil in humans. 

  1. The Virtue of Faith

Faith is seen by people who trust God. In this theme, Abraham was named the father of faith when he went to sacrifice his only son and God provided a sheep as a sacrifice. Also, while in the wilderness, the Israelites commanded Aaron to make them idol god as they wanted to worship something they would see. This action caused anger as they could not believe irrespective of the miracles conducted in the wilderness. The aspect of faith is evident in the New Testament where Jesus taught and conducted miracles based on faith. 

  1. The Redemption 

Though the scripture, God is portrayed as a just God where He responds to mankind’s behavior with retributive justice. All over the Holy book, God blesses the righteous and punishes the evil. However, there is a contradiction between the theme of redemption and mercy which is evident throughout the scripture with the standard of retribution. The theme of redemption is portrayed by Esau after he received his brother Jacob who had deceived the father to take his destiny. Also, the Bible portrays redemption when Moses interceded and prayed to God to forgive the Israelites at Mount Sinai. 

  1. Salvation for the Outcasts

Many scholars argue that New Testaments are for the person who is marginalized, widowed, diseased, orphaned, cast out or poor (Ryken and Longman, 2010). Jesus came to save all individuals who believed in Him including the sinners whom he called blessed. Paul, for example, preached the gospel to the Gentiles who were uncircumcised and they were saved by grace and the Holy Spirit was freely granted to them. 

Role of the Bible to my Personal and Professional Life

The Bible plays a vital role in every day to day activities of an individual (Jambrek & Jambrek, 2010). Personally, the Bible influences my daily decisions as I always evaluate my decisions based on my Christian values. It is thus a mirror that I employ daily to dictate my daily decisions, either professionally or personally. In the future, I will work diligently in my work as Jesus modeled work when He worked as a carpenter. My job is a form of ministry where I will integrate my professional life with my life’s mission, to spread the gospel. Work is worship where we see Paul who although was a disciple made tents to cater to his needs. I believe that the Bible forms a strong foundation for both my personal and professional life. It will help me to continue growing spiritual (personal) while using my profession as a form of ministry.


The Bible is a canon for Christians which dictates the moral values of Christians. The elements of the Bible are significant in molding an individual’s personal and professional life. Through the theme of the virtue of faith, Christians believe in God through His work during the ancient eras and what they have witnessed. Therefore, the Holy Bible plays a vital role in my spiritual life and my professional life.


Coogan, M. D. (2011). The Oxford encyclopedia of the books of the Bible (Vol. 1). Oxford University Press.

Emlet, M. (2009). Where Life & Scripture Meet. Crosstalks.

Jambrek, S., & Jambrek, L. (2010). The Role of the Bible in Daily Life. Evangelical Journal of Theology4(2).

Mayer, T., & Cysouw, M. (2014). Creating a massively parallel bible corpus. Oceania135(273), 40.

Henrich, S. S. (2007). Great Themes of the Bible (Vol. 2). Westminster John Knox Press.Ryken, L., & Longman III, T. (2010). The complete literary guide to the Bible. Zondervan Academic.

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